Grinding Coffee Beans
-- for brewing good coffee it's the way to go!
Grinding your own coffee beans just before brewing helps ensure the freshest,
best-tasting coffee. Finding the grind that produces the flavor you want can be
a subjective process, but there's no mystery involved.
The rule of thumb:
The faster the brew method, the finer the grind. For
example, use very finely ground coffee for espresso (which brews in seconds) and
coarsely ground coffee for a French Press (the coffee needs to steep for 3 to
The Grind Types:
Fine (Espresso grind):
Very fine particles. Feels almost like confectioner's sugar in your hand. The
resulting brew is heavily extracted and tastes rich and heavy. Fine is the right
grind for espresso and Turkish brewing.
Medium (Auto-Drip grind):
Medium particles. Looks and feels like beach sand. This is the right grind for
brewing in an automatic drip brewer with a paper filter.
Medium (Manual drip grind):
A little coarser than Fine Grind. Looks and feels grittier. Use this grind for
a manual drip brew method (a pour-over) or in an automatic drip brewer if you
use a gold filter. (This slightly coarse grind will result in less sediment in
your cup when using a gold filter.)
Coarse grind (Infusion/Perc grind):
Very coarse particles, like kosher salt. Grind this way for a French Press or
If your coffee tastes weak you may want to try grinding it a little finer.
If you detect bitterness, try grinding a bit more coarsely next time.
The proper grind is very important to the success of your brewing method and
the final taste of your coffee.
All About Grinders:
There are two types of grinders -- blade grinders and burr grinders. Blade
grinders use a propeller-like blade to grind the coffee. Burr grinders crush the
coffee beans between two burrs or discs.
Here are some approximate grinding times for blade grinders:
Extra Fine Grind: 20 seconds
Fine Grind: 15 seconds
Medium Grind: 12 seconds
Coarse Grind: 9 seconds:
Finer = Stronger. A finer grind of the same amount of coffee will result
in more extraction, hence a stronger coffee taste. If this tastes too bitter,
you can use a coarser grind. At the same time, you might want to add more coffee
to provide enough extraction for the strength you want.